Improves digestive function
Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus
Scotch Thistle, Prickly Cardoon, Wild Cardoon, Vegetable Rennet and Wood Artichoke, Green Artichoke, French Artichoke
Artichoke origins dates back to the time of the Greek philosopher and naturalist, Theophrastus (371-287 B.C.), who wrote of them being grown in Italy and Sicily. Ancient Greeks and Romans considered artichokes a delicacy and an aphrodisiac. In Ancient Greece, the artichoke was attributed to being effective in securing the birth of boys.
North African traders started growing and exporting artichokes around 800AD and they became an extremely popular plant to be included in gardens of Mediterranean countries. It was also a popular plant to grow in the private gardens of monasteries around the region.
Artichokes are now grown in many countries around the world and are probably known best for their inclusion on Italian pizzas - artichoke hearts in oil are the usual vegetable for the "spring" section of the "Four Seasons" pizza (alongside olives for summer, mushrooms for autumn, and prosciutto for winter).
Scientifically, it was not until the late 20th century, that studies started to be done on the plant to understand its chemical components and how they influence human health, especially liver function.
The artichoke leaves are rich in phenolic compounds - caffeoylquinic acids, chlorogenic acid, cynarin, luteolin 7-O-rutinoside, and luteolin 7-O-glucoside, hydroxytyrosol, Tyrosol, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, verbascoside, apigenin-7-glucoside, oleuropein, quercetin, pinoresinol, cinnamic acid, and apigenin.
Artichoke contains high levels of many minerals such as potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), calcium (Ca), sodium (Na), iron (I), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and chromium (Cr).
Add to this comprehensive list – the prebiotic starch inulin – and you have a powerful plant filled with health promoting compounds
Promotes the growth of new liver tissue increasing both liver tissue size and liver cell content.
* These statements have not been evaluated by the TGA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease
Int J Hepatol. 2016; 2016: 4030476. Published online 2016 May 11. doi: 10.1155/2016/4030476. The Effect of Artichoke Leaf Extract on Alanine Aminotransferase and Aspartate Aminotransferase in the Patients with Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis. Vajiheh Rangboo, Mostafa Noroozi, Roza Zavoshy, Seyed Amirmansoor Rezadoost, and Asghar Mohammadpoorasl.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2015 Dec;70(4):441-53. doi: 10.1007/s11130-015-0503-8. Pharmacological Studies of Artichoke Leaf Extract and Their Health Benefits Maryem Ben Salem, Hanen Affes, Kamilia Ksouda, Raouia Dhouibi , Zouheir Sahnoun, Serria Hammami, Khaled Mounir Zegha.
Artichoke Leaf Extract Reduces Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Improves Quality of Life in Otherwise Healthy Volunteers Suffering from Concomitant Dyspepsia: A Subset Analysis August 2004The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 10(4):667-9.
Chemicals Compositions, Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Cynara scolymus Leaves Extracts, and Analysis of Major Bioactive Polyphenols by HPLC. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 2017, Article ID 4951937, 14 pages, 2017. Maryem Ben Salem, Hanen Affes, Khaled Athmouni, Kamilia Ksouda, Raouia Dhouibi, Zouheir Sahnoun, Serria Hammami, Khaled Mounir Zeghal.
Phytomedicine Volume 15, Issue 9, 3 September 2008, Pages 668-675 Phytomedicine. Artichoke leaf extract (Cynara scolymus) reduces plasma cholesterol in otherwise healthy hypercholesterolemic adults: A randomized, double blind placebo-controlled trial. Raf Bundy, Ann F. Walker, Richard W. Middleton, Carol Wallis, Hugh C.R. Simpson.
Fructans of Jerusalem artichokes: Intestinal transport, absorption, fermentation, and influence on blood glucose, insulin, and C-peptide responses in healthy subjects. November 1990American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 52(4):675-81 J J Rumessen, S Bodé, O Hamberg, E Gudmand-Høyer.
A double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over study to establish the bifidogenic effect of a very-long-chain inulin extracted from globe artichoke (Cynara scolymus) in healthy human subjects. Published online by Cambridge University Press: 01 July 2010. Adele Costabile, Sofia Kolida, Annett Klinder, Eva Gietl, Michael Bäuerlein, Claus Frohberg, Volker Landschütze, Glenn R. Gibson.
Randomized Controlled Trial Phytother Res. 2018 Jul;32(7):1382-1387. doi: 10.1002/ptr.6073. Epub 2018 Mar 9. Efficacy of artichoke leaf extract in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A pilot double-blind randomized controlled trial. Yunes Panahi, Parisa Kianpour, Reza Mohtashami, Stephen L Atkin, Alexandra E Butler, Ramezan Jafari, Roghayeh Badeli, Amirhossein Sahebkar.
Molecules. 2018 Nov; 23(11): 2729. Published online 2018 Oct 23. doi: 10.3390/molecules23112729 Artichoke Polyphenols Produce Skin Anti-Age Effects by Improving Endothelial Cell Integrity and Functionality. Isabella D’Antuono, Antonietta Carola, Luigi M. Sena, Vito Linsalata, Angela Cardinali, Antonio F. Logrieco, Maria Gabriella Colucci, Fabio Apone.